William of Ockham on Pictorial Resemblance

 

‘It is clear that, although due to the diversity in shape and color and other accidents in diverse men we can fashion diverse [fictions] which are not similar to every man (or perhaps [are similar to] no man), nevertheless, we can have a notion of some fiction which is equally related to all men, according to which we are able to judge of anything whether it is a man or not.’ (William of Ockham, ‘Ordinatio ‘ 278)

This is a passage that wouldn’t have sounded out of place in early Wittgenstein.

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